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Copy of Collective Land Stewardship

Suggested for:
  • Any town or city whose citizens and local authorities wish to engage in proactive co-creation on a piece of land
  • To experiment in co-creating a landfill/community compost
  • To experiment in co-creating a children's play ground
  • To experiment in co-creating a shared permaculture farm

Collective Land Stewardship DHO


The purpose of the collective land stewardship is to propose a new way for citizens to manage and co-create on local pieces of land.
Important note: the philosophy behind this model is in the same spirit as human rights: to ensure each citizen has an unalienable right to the collective land stewardship wherever he/she lives. Such a principle grants total freedom for citizens to co-create projects in a transparent, open and democratic with no limits to their collective co-creation. The main purpose is to ensure that citizens learn to take responsibility for their collective actions.

Membership policies

  • Initial membership
    Stewardship roles are available for any citizen present in the municipality or each citizen meeting the requirements of collective stewardship (reside within a certain distance or radius of the land) to claim. The person(s) who initiated the provision of the land and/or the municipal services would inform the citizens of the project, the terms of participation, the functionalities attached to membership, and technical information to access the tools, and to participate actively in the management of the land in the form of collective stewardship.
  • Membership management
    Stewardship roles expire after one year, and are renewed through a system of mutual trust votes between citizens. Each person possessing a token must receive at least 5 “votes” of confidence (5 certifications) certifying that he meets the conditions necessary to be part of the collective stewardship (reside in the town, or live less than 5km from the land, for example). These certifications will have to be renewed every year. Anyone in possession of a Stewardship role can certify another. Any new person establishing his residence and meeting the conditions may be certified by presenting himself to his/her neighbors. Anyone moving and no longer meeting the conditions can exit their role or let their role expire. Thus, municipal services would no longer need to intervene once collective stewardship has been launched.
  • Initial membership The collective stewardship model relies on local authorities' involvement. In the launch phase of the project, all citizens of a town will automatically receive a membership right to the collective stewardship DAO.
  • Evolving membership Stewards are required to Vouch for at least 5 other Stewards to create a web-of-trust network to maintain membership. Meaning the minimum quorum for a new "Stewardship role" to be claimed is 5 existing Stewards. This network can then expand beyond the boundaries of the town/city depending on interest from neighboring cities.
  • Membership expiration All Stewardship roles have a 1 year lifespan and need to be renewed after that time. Citizens who step away from the project may let their membership expire. Thus the membership will evolve dynamically.
  • Roles and responsibilities While each token holder will have an equal power to vote and propose new projects to be built on the collective stewardship land, token holders will also be free to assign certain roles and responsibilities to specific members of the community.

Governance policies

  • Equal voice in determining governance rules Each member holding a Steward role in the network receives 1 voice token which has to be renewed by 5 votes each year (web-of-trust). Each member has an equal power to vote on governance rules.
  • Default: Majority rule >50% support and N% Quorum in order to pass proposals
  • Evolutionary governance Each community is empowered to adopt the governance rules they prefer: majority democracy, consensus, benevolent dictatorship, etc.

Other policies

  • Collective management The DAO is responsible for managing access and changing the status of the property. Each Stewardship role gives the right to vote on the status of the property.

Roles & Archetypes

  • Stewardship/Citizen Role The basic role that lasts 1 year and provides 1 Voice token to role holder to participate in governance.
  • Municipal Role - Exceptional powers of the public authority Local authorities will be granted a special role which allows them to block initiatives deemed dangerous or detrimental. A dialogue should then take place between local authorities and a select group of Stewards from the DAO to find a solution. Such a role can also be used, in exceptional circumstances, to dissolve the DAO and sell the collective stewardship land. For instance, in case the DAO membership drops below a certain threshold (for instance, below 5% of the population of the town), and if no activity is recorded on the DAO ledger, this would signal a lack of interest for the project and would enable local authorities to dissolve the DAO. The Municipal role will always hold enough Voice tokens to provide veto ability.
  • Building and Developing Focus on coding, construction, engineering, and creating the tools, projects, buildings, etc.
These roles in a DHO focus on the physical construction of a project.
  • Researching and Architecting Focus on exploring, experimenting, and architecting new systems, tools, villages, food forests, and any other process of a project
Focus on discovering what the community and project most needs, and designing pathways to how we can best provide it.
  • Facilitating and Space Holding Focus on facilitating healthy spaces to co-create within. Creating and maintaining processes for tension evolution and actively monitoring and supporting the health of the community. These are the people roles that help the whole project run smoothly.
Focus on the people, community building, org processes, hosting events, etc... and the human structures of a DHO/team/village itself.
  • Catalysing and Connecting Building bridges, nurturing connections, creating alliances, helping others join the project you're making, etc. Anything that supports healthy expansion. Catalyst roles are also the foundational role for setting up a new project.
Focus on growing the projects' impact.
  • Storytelling and Communicating Creating engaging, inspiring and beautiful invitations and descriptions of what a project is doing. Creating visions of the more beautiful world we're co-creating.

Financial compensation

  • Crowdfunding/crowdpooling Financial compensation of any proposed project would emulate the mechanisms of crowdfunding. Any person can propose his/her services and the community decides to fund his proposal or not.
Example: a local association wants to convert a piece of land into a permaculture farm. It creates a proposal along with "perks" for the community (for instance, a basket of fresh vegetables or fruit). The association is transparent about the salaries, compensations and costs associated with the project and the community decides whether to fund it or not.


  • Moderator Badge - No multipliers
  • Enroller Badge - No multipliers
  • Facilitator Badge - No multipliers
  • Treasurer Badge - No multipliers

Launch Process

Possible process and steps for creating collective land stewardships

1) PREPARE Select your launch template choosing the options above or providing your own. Ensure there are enough existing members committed to filling all the initial roles necessary to successfully run and develop the global and local DHO/DAO before initiating launch week.
2) Launch ICO / Crowdpooling - Collect capital to be locked into DeFi, staking, and other yield generating protocols.
3) Set up global DHO/DAO - The global DHO/DAO would have a very limited mandate: managing the funds collected via the ICO to generate yield, using the yield to buy land keeping the bare property and giving away the usufruct, set up local DHO/DAOs and continuously developing/improving the tool set made available to local communities. The global DHO/DAO would not have the power to make decisions such as selling a piece of land, or influence what a local community wishes to co-create.
4) Purchasing land - Buy the first piece of land and transform it into a collective land stewardship in cooperation with local authorities, local associations and local citizens.
5) Set up the local DAO/DHO - Initiate the creation of the local DHO/DAO in cooperation with local authorities, organisations and citizens, providing training to understand how to use the available tools.
6) Repeat steps 4 and 5 - Keep using the yield generated from the collected funds to buy land for collective land stewardship.
7) Set up a network of local DHO/DAOs - Once we reach a certain threshold of sustainable and successful collective land stewardship communities and DHO/DAOs, create a system for them to be able to connect and organize collectively.
8) Transfer control of the global DHO/DAO - Once the network of local DHO/DAOs is running smoothly, transfer the control of the global DHO/DAO to the network. The aim of this last step is to convert a benevolent pyramidal system into a fully decentralized system running autonomously without any one individual holding the "keys" to the funds or to the development of the tools.

Template submitted by Martin Schmalzried